Bug Out Gear – Basic survival for the first 72 hours


What is “Bug out gear”?

Bug out gear is the necessary equipment that someone would need should they be forced to quickly leave an area due to natural disaster, terror threat or any other immediate safety reason.  Military personnel are fully aware of potential threats and are trained for survival. They must protect themselves from hazardous weather conditions that could force them into precarious positions, such as on icy mountain tops or in raging rivers. The gear should be strong and lightweight.
bug-out-bag-2A forest fire could force someone to travel through rocky areas with treacherous trees and shrubs. Backpacks and holsters should resist damage from rain and resist being ripped by sharp tree branches. Weapons are used for protection and must be carried in durable gear. The equipment should have reinforced stitching and seams that resist tears.  The fabric should exceed industry standards and have high tensile strength. Denier nylon is a common choice for tactical gear. The fabric is tough and lightweight. The cloth is usually treated for water resistance and quickly dries, which helps to remove the weight of any water from the load.

Most bug out gear is designed to accommodate three days of travel. There are usually compression straps that allow the load to be safely secured inside the pouches or backpacks. Someone could be injured by gear that rolls around, such as a tiny compass or a bulky weapon. Friction can also damage equipment and may grind away the fabric in a backpack. Skin abrasions and blisters could be caused by loose gear, which is like a grinding tool that repeatedly strikes the same spot. Tactical gear is designed to handle rugged conditions and to protect stored items with insulation or closed-cell foam padding.

A soldier may have only 30 seconds to grab a backpack and leave an area before the enemy strikes with deadly force. Military personnel know that nothing should be left behind. They only carry essential supplies. Everything should always be packed and ready for an evacuation. Any equipment that is left behind could force that soldier into a life-threatening situation. Food, water, weapons, knives, twine and a compass are necessary supplies for survival. When a disaster strikes, there is usually no way for someone to know when the threat will stop.

When a disaster strikes, there may not be enough time to prepare for a quick evacuation. Everyone should have a plan about the necessary actions and equipment that will used in the event of a fire or flood. Military personnel and members of emergency crews are trained to evacuate areas, while also ensuring for future survival. They use bug out gear that is durable and lightweight.

You don’t have to be a survivalist or member of the military to need a bug out bag.  A multipurpose survival bag is something that every person in every home should own.  Disaster doesn’t ask if you’re ready before it strikes.



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Meet the Author

I'm a former US Marine, full-time father and husband, and part-time survivalist. I like old things, like music, furniture and time-tested survival technique, but there's always a place in my heart for new technology such as weapons and sleeping bag fill. I'm here to share my knowledge and experience, and I hope you'll share yours as well.

3 comments… add one
  • Brain Sep 29, 2014, 4:54 am

    I go to Australia to go camping once a year. I have two bug out bags – (1) which stays at my home in case of emergency and the other I take with me to the Outback. It’s loaded with gear and food and the perfect amount. I supplement my other gear with this and it always ends up being the perfect combo for my 1 week backpacking trip. This is a wonderful article – keep up the good work!

  • Trevor Christiansen Oct 19, 2014, 10:40 am

    After any disaster the next 48 hours are crucial and if you are able to survive those hours you can think about your future. This bug out kit bag is made for 72 hours which is offering 24 hours more. Really great.

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